Bangladesh has made impressive gains in key human development indicators in recent years. According to the 2018 UNDP Human Development Index Statistical Update, Bangladesh ranks 136th among 189 countries with an HDI score of 0.608, placing it among countries considered to have achieved medium human development. 8 million people have moved out of poverty since 2010. The country is also on track to reach the first Sustainable Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty by 2030.
Bangladesh Country Profile
People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Form of Government:
Parliamentary Form of Government
Head of State:
Head of Government:
In South Asia: between 20 degree 34 and 26 degree 38 North Latitude and between 88 degree 01 and 92 degree 41 East Longitude Consists of mostly flat fertile alluvial land.
North: India (West Bengal & Meghalaya), West: India (West Bengal), East: India, (Tripura & Assam) and Myanmar, South: Bay of Bengal
147,570 sq km (56,977 sq miles) (Territorial water- 12 nautical miles)
Dhaka (Metropolitan Area 522 sq. kms.)
GMT +6 hours
Tropical; Mild Winter (October to March); Hot, Humid Summer (March to June); Humid- Warm Rainy Monsoon (June to October)
1194 mm to 3454 mm (June- August)
159.9 million (2015-16 Projected)
69.4 years (men), 72.0 years (women), 70.9 (Both)
Per Capita GDP:
US $ 1385
International dialing code:
Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Myanmar 193 km, India 4,053 km)
Keokradong (Bandarban Hill District) 1,230 m
by occupation: agriculture: 45.1%, industry: 20.08%, services: 34.01%
63.6% (HIES 2015)
95 percent Bengali, 5 percent other dialects. English is widely understood and spoken.
Muslim (88.3%), Hindu (10.5%), Buddhist (0.6%), Christian (0.3%) and Animists and believers in tribal faiths (0.3%).
Rice, bread, fruits, vegetables, pulses, fish, meat and potato
Jute, Tea, Textiles, Ready Made Garments (RMG), Paper, Newsprint, Fertilizer, Leather and Leather Goods, Sugar, Cement, Fish processing, Pharmaceuticals, Chemical Industries, Plastic and Ceramics.
Major Trading Partners :
USA, EU countries, India, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, UAE etc.
Traditional Export Goods:
Raw Jute, Jute Goods, Tea, Leather, and Leather Products etc.
Ready-made garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Other Fish products, Jute Carpet, Shoes and other leather goods, Newsprint, Paper, Naphtha, Furnace Oil, Urea, Fruits & Vegetables, Cut Flower, Handicrafts, Jewelries.
Petroleum products, Food Grains, Oil Seeds, Crude Petroleum, Fertilizer, Cement Clinker, Staple Fibers, Yarn, Fabrics, Iron, & Steel, Capital Machineries, Automobiles etc.
Dhaka International Airport, Dhaka, Shah Amanat International Airport, Chittagong and Osmani International Airport, Sylhet.
Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Jessore, Barisal and Ishwardi.
Public Sector: Bangladesh Biman, Private Sector: GMG Airlines, Best Air, Royal Bengal and United Airways (BD.) Ltd.
Chittagong and Mongla
Inland River Ports:
Benapol, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamasjid, Hili, Darshana, Birol, Burimari, Tamabil, Haluaghat, Akhaura, Bibirbazar and Bhomra.
Radio Broadcast Station:
Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Sylhet, Comilla, Rangamati and Thakurgaon.
Dhaka, Natore, Chittagong, Brahmanbaria, Patuakhali, Noakhali Bangladesh Television, Chanel I, ATN Bangla, NTV etc.
The Daily Star, The Financial Express, New Age, Prothom alo, Jugantor, Ittefaq, Inquilab etc are some prominent dailies.
Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS), UNB, Bdnews24.com etc.
Betbunia and Talibabad
October to March
Exports – partners:
USA 18.17%, Germany 14.57%, UK 11.13%, France 5.41%, Belgium 2.97%, Italy 4.05%, Canada 3.25%, Netherlands 2.47%
Imports – partners:
China 29.57%, India 13.37%, Singapore 5.25%, Japan 4.84%, Malaysia 3.87%, Korea Rep. of 3.32%, Hong Kong 19.3%, USA 2.64%
Railways: 2,877 km, Roadways: total: 21,302 km, Waterways: 24,000 km (Navigable 5968)